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What should I do to prepare for the Ethics Integrity and Aptitude Part in the UPSC Mains Examination?


Ethics Integrity and Aptitude is about the coherence between your ideas and actions that must conform to what is generally accepted as right, good or noble.


Public Administration, Philosophy and Psychology, The subject is comprised of elements from three broad fields


The Ethics paper is divided into two parts Part A that comprises Theory and part B which is Application with the help of cases. Therefore, you must prepare for ethical conduct in two stages:


PHASE I . THEORY | Ethics Integrity and Aptitude


  1. Begin by tackling a particular section. Read the syllabus of that area and begin to develop a conceptual knowledge of the concepts and terms. To do this, it’s recommended to refer to your notes from class rather than any other book.


  1. When you are covering the subject be sure to pay attention to examples. A well-crafted example will add importance to your understanding and also to the answer. Anytime you can find a useful illustration, write it down to refer to it later when you need.


  1. Make sure you are incorporating more reliable, trustworthy documents such as the Fourth Report of the second ARC Patrick Sheeran’s Book, Nolan Committee etc.


(I personally do not recommend any of the books on the market as the majority of them. They are simply an amalgamation of articles that were sourced on the internet. They lack clarity, aren’t organized and, in the most extreme of instances, may be conceptually incorrect).


  1. This way, you can be sure to cover all three aspects. This will ensure that the syllabus is covered for the theoretical portion.


  1. After you have completed the theoretical portion, review immediately. This will allow you to identify and strengthen the inter-connections between diverse fields.


From a psychological point of view. This is called an attitude of democracy.


  1. Create a list of notes to help you revise quickly prior to the test. It should contain:


1.) Definitions of the most important concepts and the underlying values. Make sure to provide concise and relevant examples for each.


  1. ii) A list of Thinkers/Philosophers, with their important contributions and quotations briefly noted down.


  1. II) An index of notable persons (Gandhi, Lincoln, Kalam etc.) with stories from their lives. This can be a great source of information to demonstrate a value.


  1. IV) Certain personal strengths you have, as well as an overview of the ways you utilized them effectively.


Phase II – Case STUDIES


  1. Start by collecting a collection of unsolved and solved cases research.


(Being an insider-myself, I’d suggest to read the EDENIAS ETHICS Yellow Book of Study Case Studies).


  1. Before you do that, read some SOLVED case research.


Review the entire case But don’t read the solution.


Note down some points that you think you’d include in your response.


Then, read the answer to the model and compare your answers to it.


Find areas of improvement e.g. what additional points can be added. relevant examples/quotations/terms, choice of words in presenting the answer etc.


  1. In this way, you can you should go through about 15 solved cases. The emphasis should not be on presenting an answer. Instead, the focus is to figure out how you can broaden and enrich the answer you are giving.


  1. After you’ve completed the case studies solved Take a look at not solved cases and write the FULL answers. This will help you learn how to present your ideas, and also time management.
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